Work in progress

A>Z

C
Cloud - Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user - in wikipedia

B
HPC - High Performance Computing is a term to describe the use of many computing resources connected by a low latency and high speed network that work in parallel to accomplish a computational task in wikipedia

HTC - High Throughput Computing is a term to describe the use of many computing resources over long periods of time in loosely connected computer nodes to accomplish a computational task in wikipedia

P
PRACE - The Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe enables high-impact scientific discovery and engineering research and development across all disciplines using European HPC clusters URL

S
Supercomputer - is a computer with a high level of performance as compared to a general-purpose compute. These supercomputers are often classed as HPC clusters in wikipedia